This paper examines the role of congressional appropriation committee representation on the allocation of JTPA Title III discretionary funds by the U.S. Department of Labor.
Discretionary funds are set aside to respond to unanticipated worker dislocations. Unlike grants for urban development or military bases, legislators are less able to anticipate eligibility and pursue appropriate committee representation. Compared to earlier studies, the use of JTPA allocations allows a cleaner test of the influence of budgetary control over the federal fund allocation process.
Empirical results suggest that budgetary control does affect allocations across states; Senate appropriations committee representation is positively and significantly related to state-level Title III discretionary allocations.