Manufacturing 2.0: A More Prosperous California

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Oregon


Oregon's manufacturing real GDP totaled $46.1 billion, or 32.1 percent of the state’s real GDP in 2007. Its manufacturing real GDP rose considerably—112 percent—from 2000 to 2007, mostly from high-tech manufacturing industries. Industrial research and development spending grew by an astonishing 97 percent in the study period. However, manufacturers’ capital expenditures declined by more than the U.S. average.

Oregon’s manufacturing employment totaled 204,400 jobs in 2007, about the same as in 1990. The manufacturing sector also struggled when the tech bubble burst in 2000, given that computer and electrical products are its top manufacturing industries. Although the number of jobs was roughly the same both years, Oregon’s share of the nation’s manufacturing work force was slightly bigger in 2007, at 1.5 percent versus 1.2 percent in 1990. Oregon manufacturing maintained a relatively steady level of employment, recovering modestly from the 1991 and 2001 recessions when most states had not. Oregon’s share of U.S. high-tech manufacturing employment was 2.0 percent in 2007, the national average.

The average wage for the manufacturing sector in Oregon was $51,900 in 2007, a 19 percent increase since 2000, less than the national average. The value added per production worker in the state was $316,417 in 2007, more than the U.S. and California averages.

Manufacturing employment index (2000-2007)
State 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
California 100.00 96.01 88.08 83.25 82.11 81.10 80.31 78.98
Oregon 100.00 95.90 89.60 86.66 88.83 90.65 92.17 90.87
United States 100.00 95.22 88.37 84.03 82.91 82.40 82.00 80.41

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Moody's Economy.com, Milken Institute.

Top five indicators
Indicator United States
Value
OR
Value
%
Change
Peer State
Rank
Real gross state product (US$ billions) $11,523.9 $143.7 27.8% 2
Per capita personal income (US$) $38,615 $35,143 25.1% 6
Total exports of goods (US$ billions) $1,162.5 $16.5 44.5% 6
Manufacturing's share of real GDP (%) 13.6% 32.1% 65.8% 1
Real manufacturing output per worker (US$ thousands) $113.6 $226.7 135.1% 1

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Economic climate indicators
Indicator United States
Value
OR
Value
%
Change
Peer State
Rank
Real gross domestic product (US$ billions) $11,523.9 $143.7 27.8% 2
Total nonfarm employment (thousands, SA) $13,7604.3 $1,731.4 7.0% 4
Total exports of goods (US$ billions) $1,162.5 $16.5 44.5% 6
Per capita personal income (US$) $38,615 $35,143 25.1% 6
Median household income (US$) $50,740 $48,735 19.1% 4

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Business climate indicators
Indicator United States
Value
OR
Value
%
Change
Peer State
Rank
Corporate income tax rate 15.0% -35.0% 6.6% 0.00% 2
Individual income tax rate 10.0% -35.0% 5.0% -9.0% 0.00% 7
Property tax rate 13.8% 1.22% -- 3
Sales tax rate 0% 0% -- 1
Employer unemployment insurance tax rate 0.66% 1.16% -4.10% 8
Total state-local tax burden rate 9.9% 9.6% 0.00% 4
Per capita total state-local taxes paid (US$) $4,223 $3,701 26.70% 3
Government debt as % of GDP 65.5% 7.1% 29.10% 7
Per capita government spending (US$) $14,327 $5,499 19.20% 5
Nonfarm establishments (latest 2006) 7,601,160 $110,684 10.00% 2

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, The Tax Foundation, U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Manufacturing indicators
Indicator United States
Value
OR
Value
%
Change
Peer State
Rank
Manufacturing share of real GDP 13.6% 32.1% 65.8% 1
High-tech manufacturing share of real GDP 4.8% 25.1% 153.6% 1
Manufacturing employment (thousands) 13,882.6 204.42 -9.1% 2
High-tech manufacturing employment (thousands) 2,468.7 49.5 -11.0% 3
Share of U.S. high-tech manufacturing employment 2.0% (U.S. avg.) 2.0% 10.5% 3
Manufacturing wage per employee (US$) $53,804 $51,904 18.7% 7
Manufacturers' capital expenditures (US$ billions) $135.8 $1.8 -33.2% 8
Industrial R&D expenditures (US$ billions, 2005) $226.2 $3.3 97.0% 1
Real manufacturing output (US$ billions) $1,571.7 $46.1 111.9% 1
Real manufacturing output per worker (US$ thousands) 113.6 226.7 135.1% 1
Value added per production worker (US$) $249,139 $316,417 78.7% 1
Exports of manufactured goods (US$ billions) $1,022.1 $13.7 36.5% 6

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, The National Science Foundation, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.
Leading business and economic indices
Indicator Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
State Business Tax Climate Index (Tax Foundation) 2 10
Best & Worst States [to do business] Survey (Chief Executive Magazine) 4 24
Competitiveness Index (Beacon Hill Institute) 3 14
Economic Competitiveness Index (American Legislative Exchange Council) 5 29
2007 State and Local Tax Burden (Public Policy Institute of New York) 6 34
Economic Freedom Index (Pacific Research Institute) 5 29
Small Business Survival Index (Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council) 6 32
2007 Cost-of-Doing-Business Index (Milken Institute) 6 29
State New Economy Index (Kauffman Foundation) 5 15
State Technology & Science Index (Milken Institute) 6 23

Note: Indices cited were published in 2008, unless otherwise stated. Some index rankings results were reversed from published rank in order to make them consistent across the different indices as presented here. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst.
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