Manufacturing 2.0: A More Prosperous California

Home Employment Table Indicators California Arizona Indiana Kansas Minnesota Oregon Texas Washington

Top five indicators
  United States  California    Arizona   Indiana   Kansas   Minnesota   Oregon   Texas   Washington 
Indicator Value % Change Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank
Real gross state product (US$ billions) $11,523.9 17.4% $1,549 20.3% 4 $213.3 34.6% 1 $207.6 6.8% 8 $96.5 16.6% 6 $214.9 16.1% 7 $143.7 27.8% 2 $903.4 24.2% 3 $261.1 17.6% 5
Per capita personal income (US$) $38,615 29.4% $41,805 28.8% 3 $32,833 28.0% 5 $33,215 22.4% 8 $25,197 22.9% 7 $41,105 28.4% 4 $35,143 25.1% 6 $37,083 31.0% 1 $4,1203 29.7% 2
Total exports of goods (US$ billions) $1,162.5 48.7% $134.3 12.3% 8 $19.2 34.1% 7 $25.9 68.7% 4 $10.3 99.7% 2 $18.1 75.3% 3 $16.5 44.5% 6 $168.2 62.0% 5 $66.4 106.0% 1
Manufacturing's share of real GDP (%) 13.6% -6.1% 12.8% -9.8% 8 12.6% -3.1% 4 28.2% -5.4% 6 15.9% -4.4% 5 15.8% 1.7% 3 32.1% 65.8% 1 15.8% 23.8% 2 10.5% -7.8% 7
Real manufacturing output per worker (US$ thousands) $113.6 37.9% $136.8 39.1% 4 $148.5 50.1% 3 $106.5 22.0% 7 82.8 20.2% 8 $99.2 37.1% 5 $226.7 135.1% 1 $153.1 75.7% 2 $95.1 23.2% 6

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Economic climate indicators
  United States  California   Arizona   Indiana   Kansas   Minnesota   Oregon   Texas   Washington 
Indicator Value % Change Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank
Real gross domestic product (US$ billions) $11,523.9 17.4% $1,549 20.3% 4 $213.3 34.6% 1 $207.6 6.8% 8 $96.5 16.6% 6 $214.9 16.1% 7 $143.7 27.8% 2 $903.4 24.2% 3 $261.1 17.6% 5
Total nonfarm employment (thousands, SA) $13,7604.3 4.4% $15,173.4 4.7% 5 $2,673.8 19.2% 1 $2,985.9 -0.5% 8 $1,380 2.5% 7 $2,771.4 3.2% 6 $1,731.4 7.0% 4 $10,395 10.2% 2 $2,933.7 8.2% 3
Total exports of goods (US$ billions) $1,162.5 48.7% $134.3 12.3% 8 $19.2 34.1% 7 $25.9 68.7% 4 $10.3 99.7% 2 $18.1 75.3% 3 $16.5 44.5% 6 $168.2 62.0% 5 $66.4 106.0% 1
Per capita personal income (US$) $38,615 29.4% $41,805 28.8% 3 $32,833 28.0% 5 $33,215 22.4% 8 $25,197 22.9% 7 $41,105 28.4% 4 $35,143 25.1% 6 $37,083 31.0% 1 $41,203 29.7% 2
Median household income (US$) $50,740 20.8% $59,928 26.2% 1 $49,923 23.1% 2 $47,422 14.1% 8 $47,341 16.5% 7 $55,664 18.2% 6 $48,735 19.1% 4 $47,563 19.1% 5 $55,628 21.5% 5

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Business climate indicators
  United States  California   Arizona   Indiana   Kansas   Minnesota   Oregon   Texas   Washington 
Indicator Value % Change Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank
Corporate income tax rate 15.0% -35.0% -- 8.84% 0.0% 7 6.97% -12.9% 4 8.5% 150.0% 7 4.00% - 7.35% 0.0% -83.8% 5 9.8% 0.0% 8 6.6% 0.00% 2 1.0% -- 2 0% -- 1
Individual income tax rate 10.0% -35.0% -- 1.0% -10.3% 0.0% - 10.8% 8 2.73% -4.79% -4.9% - -5.0% 4 3.4% 0.0% 2 3.5%-6.45% 0.00% 4 5.35%-7.85% -2.7% - -1.9% 6 5.0% -9.0% 0.00% 7 0% -- 1 0% -- 1
Property tax rate 13.8% -- 6.8% -- 1 12.1% -- 5 2.12% -- 7 2.09% -- 5 1.27% -- 6 1.22% -- 3 2.57% -- 8 1.13% -- 2
Sales tax rate 0% -- 6.25% 4.2% 3 5.6% 12.0% 3 6.0% 20.0% 4 5.3% 8.20% 2 6.5% 0.0% 7 0% -- 1 6.25% 0.0% 5 6.5% 0.0% 7
Employer unemployment insurance tax rate 0.66% 24.5% 0.73% 37.7% 3 0.34% 17.2% 1 0.61% 64.9% 5 0.48% 11.60% 3 0.77% 67.4% 2 1.16% -4.10% 8 0.45% 21.6% 2 1.12% -0.9% 7
Total state-local tax burden rate 9.9% 4.2% 10.8% 2.9% 8 8.7% 0.0% 2 9.5% 6.7% 4 9.9% 6.50% 5 10.4% 2.0% 5 9.6% 0.00% 4 8.3% 3.8% 1 9.1% 7.1% 3
Per capita total state-local taxes paid (US$) $4,223 35.8% $4,993 32.4% 8 $3,302 33.6% 1 $3,459 35.4% 3 $3,886 41.90% 5 $4,599 29.1% 2 $3,701 26.70% 3 $3,428 38.3% 2 $4,248 34.0% 6
Government debt as % of GDP 65.5% 12.9% 6.3% 43.2% 5 3.9% 95.0% 3 7.8% 90.2% 8 4.8% 108.70% 4 3.5% 16.7% 2 7.1% 29.10% 7 2.1% -19.2% 1 6.8% 28.3% 6
Per capita government spending (US$) $14,327 42.3% $6,390 44.5% 8 $4,470 40.6% 2 $4,540 36.1% 2 $4,749 39.90% 5 $6,134 29.3% 7 $5,499 19.20% 5 $3,791 30.8% 1 $5,738 30.6% 6
Nonfarm establishments (latest 2006) 7,601,160 7.5% 878,128 9.8% 4 $137,845 20.1% 1 $151,283 3.4% 7 $76,446 2.00% 8 $151,150 8.7% 5 $110,684 10.00% 2 $509,080 8.0% 6 $179,908 9.7% 4

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, The Tax Foundation, U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Office of Management and Budget, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Manufacturing indicators
  United States  California   Arizona   Indiana   Kansas   Minnesota   Oregon   Texas   Washington 
Indicator Value % Change Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank Value % Change Rank
Manufacturing share of real GDP 13.6% -6.1% 12.8% -9.8% 8 12.6% -3.1% 4 28.2% -5.4% 6 15.9% -4.4% 5 15.8% 1.7% 3 32.1% 65.8% 1 15.8% 23.8% 2 10.5% -7.8% 7
High-tech manufacturing share of real GDP 4.8% 39.3% 7.4% 6.5% 5 8.8% 5.4% 6 7.3% 29.7% 4 6.5% 1.9% 7 5.6% 87.3% 2 25.1% 153.6% 1 6.3% 86.1% 3 5.1% 1.4% 8
Manufacturing employment (thousands) 13,882.6 -19.6% 1463.3 -21.0% 8 181.7 -13.5% 5 549.97 -17.2% 7 185.5 -7.5% 1 341.2 -14.0% 6 204.42 -9.1% 2 934.4 -12.5% 4 293.2 -11.7% 3
High-tech manufacturing employment (thousands) 2,468.7 -19.4% 485.9 -22.8% 7 76.5 -17.8% 6 68.1 -5.4% 1 53.1 -9.2% 2 77.1 -12.6% 4 49.5 -11.0% 3 184.1 -23.1% 8 110.2 -13.3% 5
Share of U.S. high-tech manufacturing employment 2.0% (U.S. avg.) 2.0% 19.68% -4.2% 7 3.1% 2.0% 6 2.76% 17.4% 1 2.15% 12.6% 2 3.12% 8.3% 4 2.0% 10.5% 3 7.46% -4.5% 8 4.46% 7.7% 5
Manufacturing wage per employee (US$) $53,804 25.3% $66,241 28.0% 2 $58,904 18.6% 8 $51,340 25.2% 5 $48,558 25.3% 4 $52,765 25.8% 3 $51,904 18.7% 7 $6,0421 30.3% 1 $60,515 21.7% 6
Manufacturers' capital expenditures (US$ billions) $135.8 -12.3% $14.1 -16.8% 6 $1.9 -24.6% 7 $5.3 -13.3% 4 $1.9 51.8% 1 $2.8 -4.3% 3 $1.8 -33.2% 8 $12.8 -16.3% 5 $3 14.9% 2
Industrial R&D expenditures (US$ billions, 2005) $226.2 13.3% $50.7 10.7% 7 $3 21.9% 6 $4.6 72.8% 3 $2 74.8% 2 $6.3 70.3% 4 $3.3 97.0% 1 $12.4 38.8% 5 $9.7 5.1% 8
Real manufacturing output (US$ billions) $1,571.7 10.2% $198.6 8.5% 6 $27.1 30.5% 3 $58.5 1.1% 8 $15.4 11.4% 5 $33.9 18.1% 4 $46.1 111.9% 1 $143.1 53.9% 2 $27.5 8.5% 7
Real manufacturing output per worker (US$ thousands) 113.6 37.9% 136.8 39.1% 4 148.5 50.1% 3 106.5 22.0% 7 82.8 20.2% 8 99.2 37.1% 5 226.7 135.1% 1 153.1 75.7% 2 95.1 23.2% 6
Value added per production worker (US$) $249,139 48.8% $268,768 34.2% 7 $270,500 14.5% 8 $224,781 39.8% 5 $207,944 43.4% 4 $222,051 35.5% 6 $316,417 78.7% 1 $347,557 74.5% 2 $295,559 62.6% 3
Exports of manufactured goods (US$ billions) $1,022.1 44.4% $118.9 6.6% 8 $17.1 26.6% 7 $25.3 68.6% 4 $9 92.4% 2 $16.3 71.5% 3 $13.7 36.5% 6 $158.2 59.5% 5 $57.4 100.3% 1

Sources: Bureau of Economic Analysis, Bureau of Labor Statistics, The National Science Foundation, U.S. Census Bureau, Milken Institute.
Note: Data are 2007 figures, unless stated otherwise. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst, based on the growth rate between 2000 and 2007.

Leading business and economic indices
  California Arizona Indiana Kansas Minnesota Oregon Texas Washington
Indicator Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
Peer State
Rank
National
Rank
State Business Tax Climate Index (Tax Foundation) 8 47 5 25 4 12 6 33 7 42 2 10 1 8 4 11
Best & Worst States [to do business] Survey (Chief Executive Magazine) 8 51 2 8 3 11 4 21 6 32 4 24 1 1 7 40
Competitiveness Index (Beacon Hill Institute) 7 24 5 19 8 44 4 17 1 6 3 14 6 20 2 7
Economic Competitiveness Index (American Legislative Exchange Council) 4 27 3 8 8 47 6 42 6 34 5 29 1 1 2 5
2007 State and Local Tax Burden (Public Policy Institute of New York) 8 41 2 12 4 23 4 22 2 13 6 34 1 10 6 32
Economic Freedom Index (Pacific Research Institute) 8 49 2 11 3 14 1 1 7 44 5 29 4 17 6 31
Small Business Survival Index (Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council) 8 49 3 13 4 20 5 31 7 46 6 32 2 6 1 5
2007 Cost-of-Doing-Business Index (Milken Institute) 8 44 4 22 2 14 8 38 2 13 6 29 5 26 6 35
State New Economy Index (Kauffman Foundation) 2 8 6 20 8 36 7 31 3 14 5 15 6 18 1 2
State Technology & Science Index (Milken Institute) 4 4 4 17 8 33 7 24 3 11 6 23 6 20 2 5

Note: Indices cited were published in 2008, unless otherwise stated. Some index rankings results were reversed from published rank in order to make them consistent across the different indices as presented here. The rankings are among the eight peer states, 1 = best and 8 = worst.
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