Ashok Kumar Mirpuri took up his appointment as Singapore's Ambassador to the U.S. in July 2012. He previously served as ambassador to Indonesia from 2006 to 2012, high commissioner to Malaysia from 2002 to 2006 and high commissioner to Australia from 2000 to 2002. A career diplomat, Mr. Mirpuri joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1984. In 1994, he was appointed director of the MFA's Policy Planning and Analysis Directorate. In 1997, Mr. Mirpuri was seconded to Shell International Ltd. in the United Kingdom as corporate advisor (Asia Pacific). He was subsequently assigned to the Singapore Embassy in Jakarta in 1998 as minister-counselor and deputy chief of mission. Mr. Mirpuri graduated with an honors degree from the National University of Singapore. He received his MA at the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies under a Raffles Scholarship. He attended the Program for Executive Development at the Institute for Management Development, Switzerland, and the Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School.